PROJECT ORANGE – ORSEC-WHITE PLANE DRILL
After the attack of Nice, more emergency devices have been implemented. What do they mean exactly?
“All means are implemented to help the injured. The whiteplane that mobilizes all hospitals in the region was triggered.”
1 White Plan
The “white plane” enshrined in law since 2004, defines the devices that can enable health institutions in crisis. It allows to organize the human and material resources to support very quickly a large number of victims. In this type of crisis, we must:
- Coordinate among institutions. Specifically, a crisis unit is set up. For a more optimal division of labor, the means of communication are strengthened and the role of each is defined.
- Transport victims quickly. For the transport of victims to be fast, ambulance services are controlled by centralized direction, traffic is organized in the vicinity of hospitals.
- Divide the victims. Emergency services are coordinated. The victims are oriented to their needs and based on availability.Psychological cell is created.
- Make room. Some activities are deprogrammed, including surgical operations that can wait. Some patients are transferred to other facilities to make room.
- Organize reinforcements. Additional staff can be called up as needed. The prefecture can make submissions if necessary. In Nice, a large share of health professionals have returned spontaneously to the hospital.
2 Orsec Plan
To cope with this emergency, another plan was activated: the Orsec plan to rescue organization, or organization of civil response. This administrative date over 60 device, even if it has been perfected since. While the white plane on the organization of hospitals , the Orsec plan helps organize as soon as possible and in times of crisis all public and private resources to help: respect to whom there are serious reasons to believe that his behavior constitutes a threat to public security and order “( according to Article 6 ) and order” at home day and night raids “without passing by the judicial authority.
This emergency rule was declared on the evening of the attacks of 13 November (130 deaths). Parliament had extended for three additional months starting from November 26, and again from 26 February to 26 May, and a third time, for another two months until July 26 in order to secure the Euro 2016 and the Tour de France , but this time without the measures of administrative searches.
The state of emergency is an exceptional regime established in 1955 especially for the state to house arrest any person“with respect to whom there are serious reasons to believe that his behavior constitutes a threat to public security and order “( according to Article 6 ) and order” at home day and night raids “without passing by the judicial authority.
Between November 14 and May 26, 3694 searches have been carried out and some 400 house arrest measures were imposed between 14 November and 25 February. Since May 26, 77 house arrest measures were taken.
The state of emergency also allows ministers and prefects to decide the temporary closure of theaters and venues meeting. They also have the ability to “prohibit the movement of people or vehicles” in certain places or at certain hours, or establish “zones of protection or security which the presence of individuals is regulated.”
The “white establishment plan” for hospitals. It was announced by François Hollande during his address from the Elysee to 3 am, after he was fired by the Centre Nice University Hospital.
Read our full decryption: What is the “white plane”?
This crisis device, designed for health emergencies is provided in the law since 2004 and helps put in place human and material resources to absorb the influx of patients or victims, coordinate the overall relief and health services.
In Nice, the medical personnel were recalled, but many had themselves made available after the initial information on the attack had been broadcast. A telephone line has been activated 04 93 72 22 22. The operations are coordinated by both the regional health agency and the prefecture.
The “White Plan” was then lifted throughout late night, according to two medical sources, which at resuscitation department of the University Hospital of Nice.
The Orsec plan has also been activated in the wake of the attack.
Created in 1952, the e device “organization of civil security response” is intended to “manage all events seriously affecting the population” , and enables centralized at county level management of relief and assistance people affected by a natural disaster or a major drama.
The device can be triggered by the department prefect, or the “defense and security zones” – there are seven in France (a cut made by security problems at major events).
The departmental prefect coordinates all emergency at the scene of the accident. It can make calls to various human resources – public safety, law enforcement, county fire services and emergency – and guarantees the information of the population and communication around the event. The prefecture is the operational center of the organization.
Read also: Attack of Nice: how the Orsec device?
Hollande also announced that it will be appealed to the operational reserve “that is to say to all those who, at one time, were in uniform or in the staffing of the police to come and relieve workforce police and gendarmes. “
Read all explanations: Attack of Nice: what does the “operational reserve”?
The operational reserve is part of the device called “military reserve”, which also includes the “citizens’ reserve” dedicated to raising awareness and, more recently, the “cyber citizen reserve”. It brings together citizen volunteers, with or without military experience, aged 17 years old and willing to devote at least thirty days a year to the army .They sign a contract paid for a period of one to four years.
This is a perfect example of never wasting an opportunity. It is similarly equal to Obama’s NDAA, FEMA and civilian police force.