911 was a fraud as we all know. Only traitors get the Medal of Freedom in this country. Ask George Tenet.
Every liberty lover should read it because the torture memos, enhanced interrogation and techniques were performed on the test subjects. That was, an assortment of Saudi, Sunni and Afghani, and other subjects that included western subjects. It may have included others tortured in Turkey and Abu Ghraib. The planes were traveling to Poland as well so it likely included Georgian and Ukranian subjects.
The CIA has targeted individuals who have attempted to expose bin-Laden hoax, Israeli and Saudi involvement in the World Trade Center demolition and other post 911 NATO atrocities and covert operations.
The TRIAD of global governance will make use of the enhanced techniques on you and me. Let’s face it, Dick Cheney all but told us he would. Barack Obama is content with droning you and your family but Dick and the Joo-Joo Bees want to interrogate and torture. Obama wants to abort you and Dick wants to love you ‘long time’
You know it is coming. Gradual as it seems, it is the same thing they felt in Nazi Germany. Too many failed to see the signs and understand the agenda.
“Detainees were made to stand on broken bones”
Please find the report here. http://www.intelligence.senate.gov/study2014/sscistudy1.pdf
The CIA Torture Details Are Appalling -Business Insider
Bush was not briefed during the first four years of the program, but Vice President Dick Cheney was.
A CIA email from 2003 said “the White House is extremely concerned [Secretary of State Colin] Powell would blow his stack if he were to be briefed” about the details of the program.
The report says the CIA paid two psychologists more than $80 million to come up with torture methods. In the report’s executive summary, the programs developed by the CIA and these two contractors are described as “brutal” and “in violation of U.S. law, treaty obligations, and our values.”
Additionally, the report found the agency paid millions of dollars, in cash, to foreign governments to get them to host “black sites” where interrogations were held (two of which were not used because of political concerns about the host countries). The report says one country paid by the CIA torture program was told that the black site was serving a different purpose entirely.
Torture programs described in the report include “rectal feeding,” sleep deprivation, insects, use of diapers, and mock executions. According to the report, “rectal hydration” was used as a means of “behavior control.”
The CIA accidentally tortured two of its informants.
The report repeatedly questions the quality of the information obtained through enhanced interrogation techniques. It found at least 26 people were wrongly detained as part of the program. One detainee was recommended for release because he was given to the CIA under false pretenses. Instead, the CIA transferred the detainee to US custody for another four years. The report noted detainees who were tortured “provided fabricated information on critical intelligence issues.”
According to the report, CIA officials, including the agency’s former director, Michael Hayden, repeatedly lied about details of the program. The report describes instances of the CIA misleading the Department of Justice, a US Senate committee, and the media about the usage and effectiveness of enhanced interrogation techniques. It says that the CIA attempted to manipulate press coverage of the program. Hayden did not immediately respond to a request for comment from Business Insider about the report.
Read further details from the report below.
‘Brutal’ Interrogation Techniques: The tactics described in the report include “rectal rehydration” and CIA officers threatening to hurt, rape, and kill family members of detainees.
“The CIA led several detainees to believe they would never be allowed to leave CIA custody alive,” the report’s executive summary says. “One interrogator told another detainee that he would never go to court, because ‘we can never let the world know what I have done to you.’ CIA officers also threatened … to harm the children of a detainee … sexually abuse the mother of a detainee, and … to “cut [a detainee’s] mother’s throat.”
These methods were often found to have achieved little to no actionable intelligence. For example, in an email titled “So it begins,” a medical officer wrote that a detainee gave “NO useful information so far,” but had vomited several times.
“It’s been 10 hours since he ate so this is surprising and disturbing. We plan to only feed Ensure for a while now,” the officer said.
A Top CIA Official Threatened To Quit Over The Interrogations: The CIA’s chief of interrogations once threatened to quit because of the brutal nature of the program.
According to the report, the unnamed chief emailed his CIA colleagues to tell them he would “no longer be associated in any way with the interrogation program due to serious reservation[s] he had about the current state of affairs” and would be “retiring shortly.”
“This is a train wreak [sic] waiting to happen,” he wrote. “I intend to get the hell off the train before it happens.”
President George W. Bush Was Shocked By The Program: According to the report, Bush was dismayed when some of the interrogation techniques were described to him in 2006.
“CIA records state that when the president was briefed, he expressed discomfort with the ‘image of a detainee, chained to the ceiling, clothed in a diaper, and forced to go to the bathroom on himself,’” according to the report.
‘Company Y’: The two CIA contractors, who helped develop the enhanced interrogation techniques starting in 2002, are identified in the report by the pseudonyms “Grayson Swigert” and “Hammond Dunbar.” They subsequently formed a company referred to as “Company Y” in 2005. According to the report, Company Y “was granted a sole source contract to provide operational psychologists, debriefers, and security personnel at CIA detention sites.”
The report found the agency paid Company Y more than $81 million from the company’s creation in 2005 to the termination of its contract in 2009.
During the contract, Company Y was tasked with understanding the terrorist mind-set. The company later “participated in the interrogations of detainees held in foreign government custody and served as intermediaries between entities of those governments and the CIA.”
More Than 25 People Were ‘Wrongly Detained’ By The CIA: The CIA “wrongly detained” at least 26 people, according to the report, which says that it was using a “conservative” calculation of detainees the CIA itself acknowledged should not have been held. The report accuses the CIA of misrepresenting its number of detainees who were wrongly detained.
“While the CIA acknowledged to the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI) in February 2006 that it had wrongly detained five individuals throughout the course of its detention program, a review of CIA records indicates that at least 21 additional individuals, or a total of 26 of the 119 (22 percent) CIA detainees identified in this Study, did not meet the … standard for detention,” the report says.
The CIA appeared to have held a number of detainees without cause, and, in at least one of these cases, applied “enhanced interrogation techniques” to a person whom the agency said should have been released. That detainee was held based on information from a source who had a motive to lie about him, the report finds.
“After approximately a month of detention and the extensive use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques on Arsala Khan, the CIA concluded that the ‘detainee Arsala Khan docs not appear to be the subject involved in … current plans or activities against US personnel or facilities,'” the report says. “He was held for an additional four years despite the development of significant intelligence indicating that the source … had a vendetta against Arsala Khan’s family.”
The CIA reviewed one of its detention sites and said, in an internal memo, that it had made “the unsettling discovery that we are holding a number of detainees about whom we know very little … Many of them appear to us to have no further intelligence value.”
Rectal Feeding And Hydration: The CIA gave detainees rectal feeding and hydration both as an interrogation technique and to push back against hunger strikes. The food would sometimes be a “pureed” combination of nuts and other items.
“CIA records indicate that Majid Khan cooperated with the feedings and was permitted to infuse the fluids and nutrients himself,” the report says. “After approximately three weeks, the CIA developed a more aggressive treatment regimen ‘without unnecessary conversation.’ Majid Khan was then subjected to involuntary rectal feeding and rectal hydration, which included two bottles of Ensure. Later that same day, Majid Khan’s ‘lunch tray,’ consisting of hummus, pasta with sauce, nuts, and raisins, was ‘pureed and rectally infused.’ Additional sessions of rectal feeding and hydration followed.”
CIA Informants Were Accidentally Tortured: Two of the CIA’s sources were taken into custody in 2004. Before CIA headquarters managed to contact interrogators about the mistake, the report says the detainees spent 24 hours “shackled in the standing sleep deprivation position.”
The CIA Vastly Overstated The Effectiveness Of Its Techniques: The agency claimed intelligence obtained from enhanced interrogation techniques helped thwart a “Second Wave” series of terrorist attacks after Sept. 11, 2001. However, the Senate report described that claim as “inaccurate.”
“The CIA represented that its enhanced interrogation techniques were effective and necessary to produce critical, otherwise unavailable intelligence, which enabled the CIA to disrupt terrorist plots, capture terrorists, and save lives,” the report says. “Over a period of years, the CIA provided the ‘discovery’ and/or ‘thwarting’ of the Second Wave plotting and the ‘discovery’ of the al-Ghuraba group as evidence for the effectiveness of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques. These representations were inaccurate.”
The report finds that the interrogation tactics led the CIA to receive incorrect information from detainees.
“CIA detainees subjected to the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques provided significant fabricated information on both the Second Wave plotting and the al-Ghuraba group,” the report says.
The report noted that very few of the detainees produced any intelligence.
“The suggestion that all CIA detainees provided information that resulted in intelligence reporting is not supported by CIA records. CIA records reveal that 34 percent of the 119 known CIA detainees produced no intelligence reports, and nearly 70 percent produced fewer than 15 intelligence reports,” the report says. “Of the 39 detainees who were, according to CIA records, subjected to the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques, nearly 20 percent produced no intelligence reports, while 40 percent produced fewer than 15 intelligence reports.”
Meanwhile, just five CIA detainees produced “more than 40 percent of all intelligence reporting from the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program.” Further, the report says agency records showed that two of those five detainees “were not subjected to the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques.”
People With Checkered Backgrounds Were Hired To Work At CIA Facilities: Although the CIA leadership touted interrogators’ qualifications, the report finds that the agency hired questionable people for its detention sites. These included people who “engaged in inappropriate detainee interrogations, had workplace anger management issues, and had reportedly admitted to sexual assault.”
“CIA records suggest that the vetting sought by [redacted] did not take place,” the report says. “The Committee identified a number of personnel whose backgrounds include notable derogatory information calling into question their eligibility for employment, their access to classified information, and their participation in CIA interrogation activities. In nearly all cases, the derogatory information was known to the CIA prior to the assignment.”
President Bush Was Lied To: The report finds that the CIA wrongly informed President Bush in a presidential daily brief that detainee Abu Zubaydah provided more detailed information to interrogators after being subjected to enhanced techniques.
Zubaydah, who was detained on March 28, 2002, was classified as unwilling to cooperate and having viewed America as weak, despite other internal CIA records stating that “we have no records that ‘he declared that America was weak, and lacking in resilience and that our society did not have the will to ‘do what was necessary’ to prevent the terrorists from succeeding in their goal.”
Because of Zubaydah’s perceived unwillingness to cooperate, the CIA employed enhanced interrogation techniques, such as placing him in isolation for 47 days in June and July 2002. The isolation and waterboarding did not lead to increased intelligence from Zubaydah.
“Prior to this isolation period, Abu Zubaydah provided information on al-Qa’ida activities, plans, capabilities, and relationships, in addition to information on its leadership structure, including personalities, decision-making processes, training, and tactics,” the report says. “Abu Zubaydah provided the same type of information prior to, during, and after the use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation technique.”
In fact, the report says, “a quantitative review of Abu Zubaydah’s intelligence reporting indicates that more intelligence reports were disseminated from Abu Zubaydah’s first two months of interrogation, before the use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques and when FBI special agents were directly participating, than were derived during the next two-month phase of interrogations, which included the non-stop use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques 24 hours a day for 17 days.”
Detainees Were Forced To Wear Diapers: The report says the CIA forced detainees to wear diapers and lied about it.
According to the report, the CIA misled the Justice Department about various methods it had used to humiliate detainees. These tactics included “cold water immersion,” forcing detainees to walk around naked in front of guards, “shackling” detainees’ hands above their heads in a stress position for hours at a time, and making them wear diapers to make them feel helpless.
“The CIA further represented to the OLC that the use of diapers was ‘for sanitation and hygiene purposes,’ whereas CIA records indicate that in some cases, a central ‘purpose’ of diapers was ‘[t]o cause humiliation’ and ‘to induce a sense of helplessness,’” the report says.
A Lack Of Disciplinary Action: Intelligence officers who abused their authority were rarely punished, the report finds — even in cases where wrongdoing was officially found or a detainee died while being interrogated.
“In one instance, involving the death of a CIA detainee … CIA Headquarters decided not to take disciplinary action against an officer involved because, at the time, CIA Headquarters had been ‘motivated to extract any and all operational information’ from the detainee. In another instance related to a wrongful detention, no action was taken against a CIA officer because, ‘The Director strongly believes that mistakes should be expected,’” according to the report.
The Death Of Gul Rahman: The report includes details of the events that led up to the death of “a suspected Islamic extremist” named Gul Rahman at a facility known as “Detention Site Cobalt” in November 2002. According to the report, Rahman was subjected to an interrogation that included “48 hours of sleep deprivation, auditory overload, total darkness, isolation, a cold shower, and rough treatment.” The report says officials did not approve of the use of these techniques on Rahman in advance.
Dates in the report are redacted, but sometime during initial interrogations, the report says a CIA officer ordered that Rahman “be shackled to the wall of his cell in a position that required the detainee to rest on the bare concrete floor.”
“Rahman was wearing only a sweatshirt, as [“CIA OFFICER 1″] had ordered that Rahman’s clothing be removed when he had been judged to be uncooperative during an earlier interrogation,” the report says. “The next day, the guards found Gul Rahman’s dead body.”
Detainees Were Subjected To Mock Executions: The report notes “Detention Site Cobalt” was investigated after Rahman’s death. Still, the report says officials were not informed about many of the interrogations techniques being used there, including mock executions.
“Specifically, the interrogation techniques that went unreported in CIA cables included standing sleep deprivation in which a detainee’s arms were shackled above his head, nudity, dietary manipulation, exposure to cold temperatures, cold showers, ‘rough takedowns,’ and, in at least two instances, the use of mock executions,” the report says.
A CIA Director Lied To The Senate: According to the report, in April 2007, former CIA director Michael Hayden provided the Select Committee On Intelligence with inaccurate information about enhanced interrogation techniques and their effectiveness at a hearing.
The report found Hayden’s testimony at the April 12, 2007, hearing including inaccurate information about, among other topics, the backgrounds of CIA interrogators; the number of CIA detainees and their intelligence production; the interrogation process; threats against detainees’ families; the punching and kicking of detainees; detainee hygiene; denial of medical care; dietary manipulation; the use of waterboarding and its effectiveness; and the injury and death of detainees.
He also told the Senate that CIA personnel didn’t express reservations about the interrogation techniques. However, the report says that appeared to be untrue. During Abu Zubaydah’s interrogation, the report finds that several CIA personnel were disturbed to the point of choking up.
Hayden, a retired US Air Force four-star general who led the CIA from 2006 through February 2009, did not respond to a request for comment from Business Insider.
Detainees Were Made To Stand On Broken Bones: Without approval from CIA headquarters, interrogators shackled detainees with leg injuries, including broken feet, in a standing position until they could not physically continue:
“The CIA interrogated four detainees with medical complications in their lower extremities: two detainees had a broken foot, one detainee had a sprained ankle, and one detainee had a prosthetic leg. CIA interrogators shackled each of these detainees in the standing position for sleep deprivation for extended periods of time until medical personnel assessed that they could not maintain the position,” the report says. “The two detainees that each had a broken foot were also subjected to walling, stress positions, and cramped confinement, despite the note in their interrogation plans that these specific enhanced interrogation techniques were not requested because of the medical condition of the detainees.”
CIA Worked To Shape Press Coverage Of The Torture Program: According to the report, the CIA provided unattributed background information to the press as part of a public-relations effort in support of the torture program. Specifically, the report noted that the CIA director “blessed” the leaking of classified information for the book “The CIA At War” by Ronald Kessler.
“When the journalists to whom the CIA had provided background information published classified information, the CIA did not, as a matter of policy, submit crimes reports,” the report says. “For example, as described in internal emails, the CIA’s [redacted] never opened an investigation related to Ronald Kessler’s book The CIA at War, despite the inclusion of classified information, because ‘the book contained no first-time disclosures,’ and because ‘OPA provided assistance with the book.'”
The CIA Lied To The Department Of Justice: In addition to misleading DOJ officials about the use of diapers at detention facilities, the report says the CIA “gave the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel inaccurate information about how it interrogated Abu Zubaydah and subsequent detainees.”
Misrepresentations to the DOJ included the CIA giving inaccurate information about how detainees were waterboarded. The report says the CIA also said medical personnel intervened when detainees who were being sleep deprived “experienced hallucinations.” According to the report, this was a lie.
“Multiple CIA detainees subjected to prolonged sleep deprivation experienced hallucinations, and CIA interrogation teams did not always discontinue sleep deprivation after the detainees had experienced hallucinations,” the report says.
The report also notes that Zubaydah had a gunshot wound when he was taken into custody. While the CIA told DOJ officials his “recovery from his wound would not be impeded by the use of the CIA’s enhanced interrogation techniques,” the Senate committee subsequently found officials allowed his wound to become infected.
Waterboarding: The report accused the CIA of giving DOJ lawyers inaccurate information about how detainees were waterboarded and the effects of the practice.
According to the report, the CIA said detainees Abu Zubaydah and Khalid Sheikh Muhammad didn’t experience physical pain from waterboarding as far as the agency could tell. Moreover, according to the CIA’s statements to the DOJ, waterboarding was only meant to simulate drowning. The CIA also said physical reactions to waterboarding concluded when the experience was over.
The report says that according to CIA records, Abu Zubaydah’s waterboarding sessions “resulted in immediate fluid intake and involuntary leg, chest and arm spasms” and “hysterical pleas.” A medical officer who oversaw the interrogation of KSM said that the waterboard technique had evolved beyond the “sensation of drowning” to what he described as a “series of near drownings.”
The report found physical reactions to waterboarding did not necessarily end when the application of water was discontinued, as both Zubaydah and Muhammad vomited after being subjected to the waterboard. Further, as previously described, during at least one waterboard session, Zubaydah “became completely unresponsive, with bubbles rising through his open, full mouth.” He remained unresponsive after the waterboard was rotated upward.
The Interrogation of Muhammad Rahim: Rahim was arrested in June 2007 on suspicion he had direct knowledge of the locations of Al Qaeda leaders Osama bin Laden or Ayman al-Zawahiri.
According to the report, Rahim was held for a week before being questioned as the CIA waited for an executive order interpreting the Geneva Conventions in a manner that would allow the use of enhanced interrogation techniques. The following techniques were approved: “sleep deprivation, dietary manipulation, facial grasp, facial slap, abdominal slap, and the attention grab.”
During his interrogation, the report says Rahim was shackled in a standing position, subjected to eight sleep-deprivation schedules, and was limited to a diet almost entirely composed of water and liquid Ensure meals. In a final round of questioning, Rahim was subjected to a prolonged sleep-deprivation session that lasted for a total of 138.5 hours.
The report also notes the interrogation of “Mohammad Rahim resulted in no disseminated intelligence reports.”
The CIA Lied To Journalists: The Senate report found CIA officials gave The New York Times information about the interrogation of detainee Abu Zubaydah that directly conflicted the agency’s records.
“David Johnston of the New York Times called the CIA’s OPA with a proposed news story about the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah,” the report says. “In an email with the subject line, ‘We Can’t Let This Go Unanswered,’ the CIA’s director of public affairs in OPA, Mark Mansfield, described Johnston’s proposed narrative as ‘bullshit’ and biased toward the FBI, adding that ‘we need to push back.'”
According to the report, on Sept. 10, 2006, an article was published in The Times by Johnston titled “At a Secret Interrogation, Dispute Flared Over Tactics.” The report notes that Johnston’s article included “‘sharply contrasting accounts’ of the interrogation of Abu Zubaydah.” This included what the report described as “the frequent CIA representation that, after the use of ‘tougher tactics,’ Abu Zubaydah ‘soon began to provide information on key Al Qaeda operators to help us find and capture those responsible for the 9/11 attacks.'”
“This characterization of Abu Zubaydah’s interrogation is incongruent with CIA interrogation records,” the report says.
The CIA Did Not Meet With A Key Al Qaeda Source Until After 9/11: CIA officers were apparently aware of a source who had connections to chief Sept. 11 architect Khalid Sheikh Mohammed before the attacks happened, according to the report.
This source eventually led the CIA to Mohammed, who was captured in 2003 and then held in Guantanamo Bay. However, the report says that the source, referred to only as “Asset X,” came to the CIA’s attention in the spring of 2001, but the agency didn’t meet with him or her until after the 9/11 attacks, when it became apparent that Mohammed might be involved.
Bush stopped much of the program — which involved terrorist suspects being rendered to facilities where they were detained and interrogated — before he left office in 2009. President Barack Obama then banned the so-called enhanced interrogation techniques when he took office. Obama has acknowledged some of the tactics used as part of the program were torture.
The Senate Intelligence Committee spent several years compiling this report. Ahead of its release, officials stepped up security at US installations around the world because of concerns that the violent and graphic details of the program could lead to violence. Because of these fears, the release of the report is controversial.
Though the White House backed the release of the report, Secretary of State John Kerry apparently expressed some concern about security issues last week. A pair of Republican lawmakers, Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Florida) and Sen. Jim Risch (R-Idaho), issued a joint statement on Monday criticizing the decision to release the report.
“We are concerned that this release could endanger the lives of Americans overseas, jeopardize US relations with foreign partners, potentially incite violence, create political problems for our allies, and be used as a recruitment tool for our enemies,” Rubio and Risch said.
Reporting by Jeremy Bender, Colin Campbell, Pamela Engel, Erin Fuchs, Armin Rosen, and Hunter Walker.
(This post was originally published at 10:50 a.m. and was continuously updated afterwards until 3:53 p.m.)